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Ozone Hole 1987

Ozone Hole Area

Minimum Ozone

(million km2) (DU)
Maximum Daily Minimum Daily
Year Date Value Date Value
1987 29 September  22.4  05 October 109

http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov

The 1987 Antarctic Ozone Hole: A new record low

In 1987 the Antarctic springtime total ozone as measured by TOMS was substantially lower than in any previous year. Polar ozone levels began decreasing significantly after a mesoscale transient minimum developed over the Weddell Sea on September 5–7. The total ozone over most of the Antarctic continent decreased to less than 200 DU on September 19, and a region where total ozone was less than 125 DU developed on September 30. The lowest level observed was 109 DU on October 5 near the South Pole, a value 29 DU less than the 1985 previous record low. Compared with previous years the 1987 October zonal mean total ozone is substantially lower poleward of 60°S. Antarctic total ozone in 1987 also showed the greatest rate of ozone decrease as well as the longest persistence of the ozone hole.

Arlin J. Krueger NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

Mark R. Schoeberl NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

Richard S. Stolarski NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

Frank S. Sechrist Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility, Martin Marietta Data Systems, Monterey, California