The Ozone Hole
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2019 Ozone Hole

NASA Ozone Watch

Antarctic Situation at 2019 July 5 British Antarctic Survey

Antarctic ozone today:  The 2019 polar vortex began to form in May and has reached some 20 million square kilometres in area near the base of the ozone layer, and is larger higher up; this is smaller than over the last decade.  The temperature throughout the ozone layer is falling overall.  The growing polar vortex has moved back towards the pole, having been unusually offset towards the Indian Ocean and centred over East Antarctica at the time of the solstice.  Lowest ozone values, around 210 DU, are over the base of the Antarctic Peninsula and Rothera experienced its first day of ozone hole values on July 2.  Ozone amounts are building over the southern ocean  and here amounts are higher, up to 370 DU in places.  Temperatures in the ozone layer are nearing the long winter minimum and have reached the  -78°C Polar Stratospheric Cloud (PSC) formation threshold through much of the ozone layer.  The area potentially with clouds now covers 22 million square kilometres, close to the mean over the last decade.  Stratospheric temperatures are highest over mid latitudes and decline towards the equator and the pole.  In the lower stratosphere they are not far from the normal, though are below the normal in the upper part of the ozone layer. 

Environment Canada

Ozone Hole July 2019